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At Jill Abrams Tutoring, we address each of these difficulties with an approach that is specifically designated in assisting these weaknesses, yet tailored to each student. 

Auditory Dyslexia or Auditory Processing  Disorder

Believed to be caused by an impairment in neural processing of auditory information. Often dyslexics have the auditory type. Also called audio dyslexia or auditory processing disorder. Sounds may be being fused, reversed or jumbled. It is not a hearing impairment.

Phonological dyslexia or Phonological Awareness

Disorder is extreme difficulty reading that is a result of phonological impairment, meaning the ability to manipulate the basic sounds of language. The individual sounds of language become 'sticky', unable to be broken apart and manipulated easily.


Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition, and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.  Though, Dyslexia is not only about literacy Dyslexia affects the way information is processed, stored and retrieved, with problems of memory, speed of processing, time perception, organization and sequencing which in turn often affects writing, math and comprehension.  

Visual Processing Disorder

A visual processing, or perceptual, disorder refers to a hindered ability to make sense of information taken in through the eyes. This is different from problems involving sight or sharpness of vision. Difficulties with visual processing affect how visual information is interpreted, or processed by the brain.

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